Contact the professionals at Culp Dental for an accurate diagnosis and effective periodontal treatment in Rock Hill, SC. Our dentists can help prevent periodontal disease, but if you do show signs of this disease, we have the experience and expertise to ensure the best outcome for your condition.

What is periodontal disease and what causes it?

Gingivitis, the earliest form of periodontal disease, is a reversible inflammation of the gums characterized by red, puffy gums that bleed easily. It is usually caused by plaque and can be reversed with removal of the plaque and with excellent oral hygiene. If ignored, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, or periodontal disease. Periodontitis destroys the gums and structures surrounding the teeth, which can lead to tooth loss.

What are the risk factors?

Risk factors for developing gum disease include smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, illnesses such as AIDS and cancer and their treatment, medications that reduce the flow of saliva, and genetic susceptibility.

What are the symptoms?

Signs and symptoms include bad breath that doesn’t go away, red or swollen gums, tender or bleeding gums, sensitive teeth, loose teeth and receding gums. If you experience these symptoms, contact Culp Dental immediately to request an appointment.

How is periodontitis treated?

How is periodontitis treated?

Treatments vary depending on the severity of the disease. They include:

  • Scaling and root planing involves scraping deposits from the tooth roots and then smoothing or polishing the surface to make it less susceptible to bacterial colony formation. This procedure is generally done in the early stages of the disease; depending on the diagnosis, scaling and root planing may be needed on most of all the teeth, or just the affected teeth.
  • Root surface debridement involves the control of a bacterial infection. In addition to treating the root surface, this procedure includes the gum’s pocket space, pocket wall and underlying tissues. Bacteria are flushed out of all these areas in an effort to stop disease progress and reestablish gum and overall oral health.
  • Flap surgery is performed when inflammation remains after deep cleaning. The gums are lifted, the tartar is removed, the pocket is reduced, and the gums are sutured back into place so that the tissue fits snugly against the tooth. This makes it easier for the patient, dentist and hygienist to keep the area clean.
  • Regenerative procedures are undertaken to help restore lost periodontal structure and functional attachment of the gums through the regeneration of tissue and bone. The patient’s bone or a synthetic bone substitute is placed in the affected areas where they serve as grafting materials, stimulating bone growth.

Can gum disease be prevented?

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy can help prevent gum disease. Brush your teeth twice each day with a fluoride toothpaste, floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth, don’t smoke and visit Culp Dental for regular checkups.